The ECOTECH installation uses conventional thermal cracking processes in order to convert waste motor lubricating oils, machine cutting oils, hydraulic oils, etc., into fully worth fuel oil similar to a marine diesel oil.
ECOTECH invention is based on a new thermal cracking technology developed by UTOPIA. The technology is based on commonly known crude oil thermo cracking process with highly innovative unique thermo cracker design, which produces a range of base oil and grade # 2 type of lighter fraction of hydrocarbons with exciting commercial potentials. The ECOTECH technology has a unique range of core properties including:

Thermo cracking of broad range of hydrocarbons including waste oil and slope oils and conversion of waste hydrocarbons into valuable fuels, Significant reduction of sulfur content, Product stability under low temperature, Controlled release of by-product materials, Superior environmental friendliness

Early discussions with potential customers indicated a strong industrial demand existed for these properties.
Our standard single cracking pot (recommended size) has approximately 5000 MTY processing capacity guaranteed- we are offering two ECOTECH systems with each total 5000 MTY processing capacity. This become our standard module (5000 MTY) and we can simply multiply it in order to achieve 10000, 15000, 20000 and higher annual plant processing capacity. Modular design gives you freedom to expand when you require it. UTOPIA Korea Ltd is able to design larger cracking pot - 5000 and 7000 MTY; however, we found that those larger pots did not perform as good as expected. That is why we are recommending smaller units.
The final products are: marine diesel oil, ash cake. The prime product is high quality of low sulphur Marine diesel oil that can be directly used in large marine diesel engines, off-road vehicles, and industrial diesel engines.
The technology is unique and it has a very high recovery - 96% by volume. During the process, only a small amount of waste product is produced such as off-gas, ash cake and oily water. The process is environmentally safe.
Yes, you need hydrated lime, caustic soda, anti-oxidant for fuel stabilization, and Fuller's earth (Bentonite) for final filtration and color removal. All chemicals are widely available on the world market.
The input to the waste oil micro refinery units must be petroleum based on lubricating oils such as crankcase oil, transmission fluid, hydraulic fluid, gear oil, and others, which are acceptable up to 10% by volume. The waste oil is expected to contain the normal concentration of additives such as rust inhibitors, oxidation inhibitors, detergents-dispersants, viscosity index improvers, pour point depressants, anti-wear agents, extreme pressure and anti-foam agents, and their thermal degradation products. The waste oil will contain metal particles from engine wear, gasoline from incomplete combustion, rust, dirt, soot and water, which are referred as bottom solids and water, and should not exceed 4% by volume.
Standard analyses and specification of the waste motor oil
- Specific gravity (@ 60 degree F) 0.8860
- Flash point , degree C 100-120
- Sulphur content , % 0.6-0.7
- Water( side arm ), % 4
- Ash and solids , % 0.56-2.47
- Chlorides-salt ,mg/kg 382
- Arsenic , mg/kg < 0.05
- Lead , mg/kg 20.8
- Cadmium, mg/kg 0.46
-Chromium, mg/kg 1.4
-Carbon, % 83.02
-Sediment, % 4.21
-Zinc, mg/kg 757
-Heating value in BTU/1LB 18963
**Test made according to the ASTM norms
Yes, you can see short Power Point Presentation of ECOTECH system and FEMD technology (BASE OIL PRODUCTION) under FAQ introduction.
Yes, we do have many photos from our plants worldwide - USA, Canada, Russia, Poland, Spain, Australia, South Korea, Israel, and Singapore. You can see it AT Picture experienced under FAQ introduction.
Twenty thousand MTY processing capacity plant - 6,500 m2
Ten thousand MTY processing capacity plant - 5000 m2
Five thousands MTY plant require minimum - 4,500 m2
total 11 people with following spread
a) General Manager: 1 should have minimum education: Chemical Process Engineering with 10 years experience
b) Two Shift operator and assistant operator: 2 should have minimum education: Technical Education as a Chemical process operator, with several years experience and 2 assistant should have technical college graduated with 2 years industry experience.
c) Maintenance and cleaning labors( usually third country nationality, time job available);4 should have following conditions: Equivalent of high school or less and factory job experience
d) Laboratory manager 1 should possess minimum education: Process Lab Engineering with Master Degree with several years experience
e) Laboratory Technician 1 should possess minimum education: College with chemical process experience
According to our latest research and prices analyses, we found out that the due to big difference of labor cost it is not possible to describe the the averagely. So, it would be better for client to calculate operating cost based on basic factor having actual domestic unit prices in the market.
It seems difficult to say because each country has different waste oil cost and product sale cost at their market.
  1. AVERAGE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SPECIFICATION WASTE MOTOR OIL
API GRAVITY (ASTM D1298) Average 27
SPECIFIC GRAVITY Average .8945
VISCOSITY, CST @ 122 DEGREES F (ASTM D445) Between 40 - 70
POUR POINT, DEGREES F (ASTM D97) Average -10
WATER CONTENT % (ASTM D950) Less than 1 (Average 0.15)
COLOR   #10, Jet Black
ODOR   Light-Sweet
ASH, WEIGHT IN % (ASTM D482) Average .6
SULFUR, WEIGHT IN % (ASTM D129) Less than .42
FLASH POINT, DEGREES F (ASTM D56) Average 250
HEAT OF COMBUSTION (ASTM D240) BTU/Lb Average 19,681
BTU/Gal   Average 147,556
ORGANIC CHLORIDES, PPM (ASTM D808) Less than 1000
LEAD,   PPM Less than 25
ARSENIC,   PPM Less than 2
CADMIUM   PPM Less than 1
CHROMIUM   PPM Less than 2
PCB's, PPM   Non Detectable


2. TECHNICAL DATA for 2 UNITS
Nominal capacity inlet( Guaranteed output) mt/year 10,000
Electrical power requirement incl. office Kwh/year 24,000
Demand for compressed air, 10hp 1 unit is enough Nm3/year 300000
Solid waste ash cake mt/year 200
Waste waster Mt/year 120
Burner fuel required; 30% product oil + 70% kerosne m3/year 480
LPG for OCD ignition Mt/year 3-4
Clay for filtration Us $/year 40,000


3. QUALITY OF THE FUEL - FINAL PRODUCT
The quality of the product oil depends to some extent on the quality of the waste oil processed. However, the process can be manipulated such that the Grade # 2 product oil can be similar to diesel fuel or it can be made to fit the specification of typical marine diesel or space heating oil
  Marine Diesel Oil
Water (%) 0,05
Ash (%) <0,005
Sulphur (%) 0,16
Carbon/Hydrogen ratio (wgt.) 6,709
Standard specific gravity 0,885
Density - API 28,3
Pour point (oC) -18
Flash point (oC) 35-70
Calorific value (Btu/lb) 19,536
Arsenic 0.19
Lead <1.0
Chromium <1.0
Zinc 3.0
Burning carbon residue 0.073


4. SOLID PETROLEUM COKE
Carbon total minimum   95 %
Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons   23 mg/kg
Ash % up to 15, 4
Sulfur total % wt 1, 94
Calorific value ppm wt 27,816
Arsenic ppm wt 0, 2 to 2, 5
Lead ppm wt 750 to 1200
Cadmium ppm wt 25 to 35
Zinc ppm wt 35,000 to 65,000
Chromium ppm wt 85 to 120


5. EMISSIONS AND WASTE PRODUCTS
Gaseous Emissions
All flue gas sources are ducted together to a center, flue gas treatment facility where the exhaust gases will contain less than 50 mg per m3 sulfur dioxide. All other gaseous emissions discharged from flare will be less than World standard requirements.
Discharge Point Description: Stack height 9, 1 m
Minimum velocity 2, 4 m/sec  
Carbon Monoxide 9 to 14 mole ppm 0, 01 to 0,015 g/m3
Sulphur Dioxide 45 to 85 mole ppm 0,12 to 0,22 g/m3
Nitrogen Oxides 30 to 40 mole ppm 0,05 to 0,007 g/m3
TOC   5,7 mg/m3
Particles   110 mg/m3
PAH Not detected  
Total Heavy Metals Not detected  
HCl Not detected  


6. WASTE WATER
There will be a waste water stream which will originate from the water quantity present in the feed oil to the complex plus a small amount of water present in the Hydrated Lime and Caustic Soda solution added to the system for corrosion control. This quantity will normally be approximately equal to 2% of the feed oil rate.
1 Ph 4,25
2 COD 32,350 mg of O2 /L
3 Cl 5,700 mg/L
4 S 1,580 mg/L
5 P2O3 677,45 mg/L
6 Nx total 2,875 mg/L
7 Fe 2,132 mg/L
8 Zn 18,73 mg/L
9 Pb 85,00 mg/L
10 Cd < 0,01 mg/L
11 Cr total 1,30 mg/L
12 Ni 3,12 mg/L
All above analysis and information has been taken from existing working waste oil recycling plants in Australia, Canada, Poland and Spain.


8. BASIC PRINCIPALS FOR WASTE OIL COLLECTION SYSTEM
1. List of waste oils which can be effectively used in our process.
Crankcase motor oil
Machine oil
Gearbox oil
Hydraulic oil
Transmission fluid
Turbine oil
Aviation fluid
Electrical oil
Gas engine oil
Marine engine oil
Process oil
Grease
Machine cooling fluid
Marine slopes and sludge
Transformer oil (without PCB-PCT)
Cooling fluids from steel plant
Any mineral petroleum base lubricants, motor oils or industrial oils.


9. SUGGESTED SPECIFICATION OF RAW USED OIL (FEEDSTOCK) FOR FUTURE PROCESSING
Specific gravity 0,855 - 0,925 g/cm3
Flash Point > 55 o C
Water Content < 2% weight
Solids Contents (TSS) < 0.75% weight
Total Organic chloride < 2.000 ppm
PCB/PCT < 20 ppm
Sulfur < 1% weight
Lead < 750 ppm
Nickel < 15 ppm
Chromium < 5 ppm
Copper < 200 ppm
Vanadium < 5 ppm
Cadmium < 3 ppm


10. WASTE OIL GUIDELINES
Used Lubricating Oil Feedstock - General specifications

The input to the waste oil micro refinery units must be petroleum based on lubricating oil such as crankcase oil, transmission fluid, hydraulic fluid, gear oil and others, which are acceptable up to 10% by volume. The waste oil is expected to contain the normal concentration of additives such as rust inhibitors, oxidation inhibitors, detergents-dispersants, viscosity index improvers, pour point depressants, anti-wear agents, extreme pressure and anti-foam agents, and their thermal degradation products. The waste oil will contain metal particles from engine wear, gasoline from incomplete combustion, rust, dirt, soot and water, which are referred as bottom solids and water, which should not exceed 4% by volume.

Battery acid, chlorinated chemicals, sulphur based compounds and other contaminants that are often present where some lubricating oils are used must be kept out of the feed to the waste oil-refining unit.

Other waste hydrocarbons such as "Bunker C", fuel residue or (mazut) are not acceptable as a part of the feedstock oil because of their high carbon residue content. If a small amount of this kind of residue is included in the feedstock oil it will be successfully processed but the total throughput of the system will be reduced according to the amount of carbon residue in the total feedstock.

Synthetic type lubricating oil content in the feedstock must be limited to less than 10%. Inclusion of synthetic oil in the feedstock will result in a reduced overall production rate and the warranted production rate will not be applicable. Additional equipment must come with synthetic type of lube oil to treat it successfully.

Identify local industry by large volume of lubricants and motor oils utilization.

Car Industry
Lube oil change services
Car repair shops
Scrap car sites
Truck fleet companies
Road Construction Companies
Taxi fleets
Provincial Government and City Municipalities

Busses
Tramways
Taxi Companies
Central heating plants
Power Plants

Industry
Refineries
Petroleum chemical plants
Machine shops
Power plants
Fabrication shops
Open pit mines
Underground mines
Construction companies
Road construction firms
Steel plants
Non-ferrous metal plants
Forestry machinery
Crude oil pipelines and rigs
Agricultural machinery repair shops
Port facilities
Tankers services

Government
Army transportation
Post services
Railroads (diesel locomotives)
Airlines
Central power and heating plants

Main Target
Existing waste oil collectors
Waste oil recycling plants
Cement plants

11. WASTE OIL COLLECTION SYSTEM
It is strongly recommended to organize local waste oil collection network by placing independent Tank-Drum-Barrel for oil dumping (with your company name on it) to each of the waste oil producers (car services, etc) within reasonable radius from your storage tank facility. Opportunity to collect waste oil from local market is totally depended from proper collection organization and tight network, which controls what is going on with waste oil within this area.

When you have already placed your collection drums within good distance from your tank farm, then you can send periodically vacuum truck to collect waste oil and bring it to the processing plant (storage tanks).
Most wanted are Large municipalities a
Port facilities
Large mines and other industrial plants
Army
Airlines
Taxi, trucking, and other transportation company